SummaryThe Eden Project is an innovative and sustainable solution in mine closure design. The inspiring garden at the Eden Project is at the cutting edge of sustainable horticulture. One of the largest indoor rainforests that has been developed in the world has been achieved with an integrated, multidisciplinary approach with an awareness of the need to plan for the social, cultural, environmental and economic impacts.
China clay was a strategic mineral of national importance in Cornwall (UK). Its exploitation took place for over 160 years. In 1994, the china clay pit was nearing the end of its economic life. At that point, Tim Smit came up with the idea of building the worlds largest greenhouse. From this seed a stunning environmental centre that is attracting millions of visitors from around the world has grown. The Eden Project is a fascinating outcome of post-mining regeneration, which is considered as one the UK's Landmark Millenium Projects. This project is innovative because the restoration does not follow the conventional way, such as simple tree planting. Ιnstead the china clay pit has turned to a world-famous visitor attraction and educational charity. The Eden Project is an innovative project that demonstrates how the impacts of mining can be converted from liability to opportunity and benefit for communities.The start of the project was in 1996 and the integration was done in 2001. Each Eden Project focuses on a unique aspect that explores humanity and ecology. Within 16 years of operation, the Eden has 18 million visitors, 400 full time staff and inspired an economic renaissance by contributing more than 1.7 billion Euro to the local economy. Future plans for Eden are for it to become a world-leading educational charity and in that way play a key role in bringing about positive social and environmental change.
Impact on the mining value chain
MINE CLOSURE / WASTE management (incl. Permitting)
TransferabilityAll stages of the implementation of the project are transparent. Furthermore it can be easily transferred to other similar activities.
+: Restoration of an ald mine in the end of its useful life (e.g massive biomes, stunning plants)
+: Exhibitions, summer concerts, year-round family events etc.
+: Educational activities: learning about plants, gardening tips, community workshops, etc.
+:full-time staff, seasonal staff, volunteering, interships
+: The increase of tourism supports the local economy